Miniature organisms in the sand play big role in our ocean

Small organisms called meiofauna that live in the sediment provide essential services to human life such as food production and nutrient cycling, a researcher explains in a new report.

Read More...

Comments Off on Miniature organisms in the sand play big role in our ocean

New technology offers fast peptide synthesis

Researchers have designed a machine that can rapidly produce large quantities of customized peptides. This technology could help researchers rapidly generate new peptide drugs to test on diseases including cancer, diabetes, and bacterial infections.

Read More...

Comments Off on New technology offers fast peptide synthesis

Diving deep into the dolphin genome could benefit human health

A new database of bottlenose dolphin DNA and associated proteins just completed could possibly aid in dolphin care and research of human medical problems such as stroke and kidney failure.

Read More...

Comments Off on Diving deep into the dolphin genome could benefit human health

More virus infection, please

Scientists have generated a new plasmid-based reverse genetics system for rotaviruses.

Read More...

Comments Off on More virus infection, please

How proteins reshape cell membranes

Small ‘bubbles’ frequently form on membranes of cells and are taken up into their interior. The process involves EHD proteins. Scientists have now shed light on how these proteins assemble on the surface of a cell and reshape its membrane.

Read More...

Comments Off on How proteins reshape cell membranes

Towards more sustainable control of insect and mite pests

Anisoplin, a new protein produced by a pathogenic fungus of insects and mites that provides new possibilities for the design of biotechnological tools to control pests, researchers have discovered.

Read More...

Comments Off on Towards more sustainable control of insect and mite pests

Viruses support photosynthesis in bacteria

Viruses propagate by infecting a host cell and reproducing inside. This not only affects humans and animals, but bacteria as well. This type of virus is called bacteriophage. They carry so called auxiliary metabolic genes in their genome, which are responsible for producing certain proteins that give the virus an advantage. Researchers have analyzed the structure of such a protein more closely. It appears to stimulate the photosynthesis of host bacteria.

Read More...

Comments Off on Viruses support photosynthesis in bacteria

Researchers aim to disrupt egg production in dengue- and Zika-spreading mosquito

The mosquito Aedes aegypti, which can spread dengue fever, chikungunya, Zika fever, and yellow fever virus, requires a blood meal to develop eggs. One way to control the spread of these diseases is to tamper with the reproductive events that follow this mosquito’s blood meal. A team of scientists has explored this at the molecular level. They focused on microRNAs, which play a critical role in mosquito egg maturation.

Read More...

Comments Off on Researchers aim to disrupt egg production in dengue- and Zika-spreading mosquito

Antimicrobial substances identified in Komodo dragon blood

In a land where survival is precarious, Komodo dragons thrive despite being exposed to scads of bacteria that would kill less hardy creatures. Now in a study, scientists report that they have detected antimicrobial protein fragments in the lizard’s blood that appear to help them resist deadly infections. The discovery could lead to the development of new drugs capable of combating bacteria that have become resistant to antibiotics.

Read More...

Comments Off on Antimicrobial substances identified in Komodo dragon blood

What’s the buzz on bee parasites?

A new article presents the genome sequence and analysis of the honey bee parasitic mite T. mercedesae. Bee colonies are facing wide-spread devastation across the entire world. The research revealed there were specific features in the mite genome that had been shaped by their interaction with honey bees and that special mechanisms to control these mites would be required.

Read More...

Comments Off on What’s the buzz on bee parasites?

Enormous promise for new parasitic infection treatment

The human whipworm, which infects 500 million people and can damage physical and mental growth, is killed at egg and adult stage by a new drug class.

Read More...

Comments Off on Enormous promise for new parasitic infection treatment

Risk of Ross River virus global epidemic

Australia’s Ross River Virus (RRV) could be the next mosquito-borne global epidemic, according to a new research study.

Read More...

Comments Off on Risk of Ross River virus global epidemic