After the epigenome: The epitranscriptome

A new article explains that RNA also has its own spelling and grammar, just like DNA. These ‘epigenetics of RNA’ are called epitranscriptome.

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Sea urchin spines could fix bones

More than 2 million procedures every year take place around the world to heal bone fractures and defects from trauma or disease, making bone the second most commonly transplanted tissue after blood. To help improve the outcomes of these surgeries, scientists have developed a new grafting material from sea urchin spines.

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Salmon with side effects: Aquacultures are polluting Chile’s rivers with a cocktail of dissolved organic substances

Tasty, versatile, and rich in essential omega-3 fatty acids: salmon is one of the most popular edible fish of all. Shops sell fish caught in the wild, but their main produce is salmon from breeding farms which can pollute rivers, lakes and oceans. Just how big is the problem? Scientists are working to answer this question by examining the dissolved organic compounds which enter Chile’s rivers from salmon farms. They warn that these substances are placing huge strain on ecosystems and are changing entire biological communities.

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Gluten free rice-flour bread could revolutionize global bread production

100% natural, 100% gluten free – get ready for the battle of the grain. Researchers have resolved the science behind a new bread-baking recipe. The method for making gluten-free bread uses rice-flour to produce bread with a similar consistency and volume to traditional wheat-flour loaves.

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Cut the long story short, and stitch it back together

A species of unicellular ciliate has found a special trick to make use of the cellular machinery in seemingly impossible ways. Researchers have for the first time described a mechanism in detail how so called “junk”-DNA is transcribed before being degraded – and this mechanism is remarkably clever.

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Team nebulizes aphids to knock down gene expression

Researchers are nebulizing soybean aphids with RNA to speed the process of discovering the function of many mystery genes.

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Microorganisms in the subsurface seabed on evolutionary standby

Through genetic mutations microorganisms normally have the ability to develop new properties over a short time scale. Researchers now show that microbes in the deep seabed grow in slow motion with generation times of up to 100 years.

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Water filter from wood offers portable, eco-friendly purification in emergencies

What can the forests of Scandinavia possibly offer to migrants in faraway refugee camps? Clean water may be one thing, suggests a new report.

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Dietary anti-cancer compound may work by influence on cellular genetics

Sulforaphane, a dietary compound from broccoli that’s known to help prevent prostate cancer, may work through its influence on long, non-coding RNAs, report scientists. This is another step forward in a compelling new area of study on the underlying genetics of cancer development and progression.

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Human antibody for Zika virus promising for treatment, prevention

Researchers have determined the structure of a human antibody bound to the Zika virus, revealing details about how the antibody interferes with the infection mechanism — findings that could aid in development of antiviral medications.

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Viruses created to selectively attack tumor cells

It is an innovative approach that takes advantage of the different expression profiles of certain proteins between tumor and healthy cells that make the virus to only infect the first ones.

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Block copolymer micellization as a protection strategy for DNA origami

Scientists have developed a method to protect DNA origami structures from decomposition in biological media. This protection enables future applications in nanomedicine or cell biology.

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