Numerosity in humans, birds and fish are based in brain’s subcortex

A cognitive neuroscience, through study, has addressed basic research questions about how our brains process number and magnitude and how such processes give rise to more complex mathematical thinking, answering the question: where in the brain is numerical quantity evaluation processed?

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During learning, neurons deep in brain engage in a surprising level of activity

Researchers have learned something surprising about the cerebellum, perhaps best known as the part of the brain that makes sure you cannot tickle yourself. The team found that cerebellar neurons, once thought to fire only occasionally, are actually quite active when the brain is learning a new task.

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Potential treatment for type of muscle and brain degenerative disease

Researchers have discovered the molecular basis of an incurable disease known as inclusion body myopathy, explains a new report.

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Bipolar disorder: New method predicts who will respond to lithium therapy

For roughly one-third of people diagnosed with bipolar disorder, lithium is a miracle drug, effectively treating both their mania and depression. Now a new develop tool has been developed to gauge success of preferred treatment for bipolar disorder.

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Stem cell therapy is safe for stroke patients, study shows

A multicenter trial looking at whether a single dose of millions of adult, bone-marrow-derived stem cells can aid stroke recovery indicates it’s safe and well-tolerated by patients but may not significantly improve their recovery within the first three months, researchers report.

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Piece of mind: Engineers can take pictures of the brain with surgical needle and laser light

With just an inexpensive micro-thin surgical needle and laser light, engineers have discovered a minimally invasive, inexpensive way to take high-resolution pictures of an animal brain, a process that also could lead to a much less invasive method for humans. The team has now proven the process works on mice for the benefit of medical researchers studying neurological disorders such as depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder and aggression.

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Link between Vitamin D treatment and autism prevention

Giving vitamin D supplements to mice during pregnancy prevents autism traits in their offspring, researchers have discovered. The discovery provides further evidence of the crucial role vitamin D plays in brain development.

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Untreated sleep apnea in children can harm brain cells tied to cognition and mood

A study comparing children 7 to 11 years old with moderate or severe obstructive sleep apnea to children the same age who slept normally found significant reductions of gray matter — brain cells crucial to most cognitive tasks — in several regions of the brains of children with sleep apnea. The finding points to connections between this common sleep disturbance and the loss of neurons or delayed neuronal growth in the developing brain.

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