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UK's trade in breeding chicks may not be covered by planned live export 'ban'

UK's trade in breeding chicks may not be covered by planned live export 'ban' Proposed new post-Brexit rules may apply only to animals being sent for slaughter and fattening, not breeding stockThe export of tens of millions of chicks every year from the UK may not fall under a promised “ban” on live exports, as the majority of the trade is for breeding stock.The Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs told the Guardian that the new rules would include poultry, but specified that they would be applied to animals being sent abroad for slaughter. A spokesperson said: “The government has committed to ending excessively long journeys for live animals, including poultry, going for… Source – Full Article https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2020/jan/28/uks-trade-in-breeding-chicks-may-not-be-covered-by-planned-live-export-ban

NASA Selects First Commercial Destination Module for International Space Station

[rNASA Selects First Commercial Destination Module for International Space Station NASA has selected Axiom Space of Houston to provide at least one habitable commercial module to be attached to the International Space Station as the agency continues to open the station for commercial use. Source: NASA Breaking news http://www.nasa.gov/press-release/nasa-selects-first-commercial-destination-module-for-international-space-station

‘Who knew what, when, why?’ – Extinction Rebellion on further revelations that ‘terror police list’ was shared across Government, NHS, Ofsted and 20 councils

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We are deeply disturbed by what clearly goes way beyond the realm of an ‘unfortunate oversight’. Our planet is literally burning and some of the police and government seem desperate to silence the fire alarm.

We need to find out who knew what and when. But more importantly, we need to know why. Why are they trying to silence a peaceful, non-violent movement of people who are trying to make sure the world’s children have a future? 

It is hard to process how supporters and members of Extinction Rebellion, and those that just care about people, wildlife and planet, will feel when they understand that some people within organisations like NHS England and Ofsted knew about this and said nothing. [1] Considering the ‘greening of the NHS’ that was in the news at the weekend, this potentially represents a breaking of trust on a visceral level. [2]

We don’t want to be delivering this message, that the climate is burning and we are facing ecological breakdown. But it must be heard for the future of humanity. This othering and stigmatisation of those that care and are trying desperately to bring people together to face the emergency is just divisive and misguided. Now is not the time for an us-versus-them mentality, we should not let fear make our decisions for us. 

Rather, we need to be thinking about restorative practices that allow us to see the human in the people we share this island and world with, to help us develop resilient and caring communities where conflict and tensions can be managed by repairing harm and building trust. 

We are already seeing big changes in awareness. By valuing peace, truth, community and justice, we can find courage as we face this emergency together. 

Rob Cooper, former Police Chief Superintendent and member of Extinction Rebellion, said:

“The worrying aspect about these revelations is that nobody inside the police or at the Home Office thought to question the guidance that included Extinction Rebellion alongside extremist groups, when it was first produced, or when it was subsequently circulated. It is worrying that it seems to have slipped through the scrutiny net, without any critical analysis.”

“If I cannot have confidence in this Government to look out for the future of my 6 year old granddaughter, then I cannot have confidence in them at all, full stop. What else is there that matters more than the future of our children and grandchildren?”

Notes to Editors

[1] https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2020/jan/27/terror-police-list-extinction-rebellion-shared-across-government

List of places: Home Office, the Department for Education, NHS England, the Ministry of Defence, HM Prison Service, Probation Service and Ofsted, as well as 20 local authorities, five police forces and Counter Terrorism Policing headquarters (CTPHQ) in London. 

[2] https://www.england.nhs.uk/greenernhs/2020/01/greener-nhs-campaign-to-tackle-climate-health-emergency/ / https://www.google.co.uk/amp/s/www.bbc.co.uk/news/amp/uk-51235786 

ABOUT EXTINCTION REBELLION

Extinction Rebellion’s key demands are:

  1. Government must tell the truth by declaring a climate and ecological emergency, working with other institutions to communicate the urgency for change.
  2. Government must act now to halt biodiversity loss and reduce greenhouse gas emissions to net zero by 2025.
  3. Government must create and be led by the decisions of a Citizens’ Assembly on climate and ecological justice.

What Emergency? | Extinction Rebellion in Numbers |This Is Not A Drill: An Extinction Rebellion Handbook 

Get involved

About Rising Up!

Extinction Rebellion emerged from the Rising Up! network, which promotes a fundamental change of our political and economic system to one which maximises well-being and minimises harm. Change needs to be nurtured in a culture of reverence, gratitude and inclusion while the tools of civil disobedience and direct action are used to express our collective power.

The post ‘Who knew what, when, why?’ – Extinction Rebellion on further revelations that ‘terror police list’ was shared across Government, NHS, Ofsted and 20 councils appeared first on Extinction Rebellion.

Source: https://rebellion.earth/2020/01/27/who-knew-what-when-why-extinction-rebellion-on-further-revelations-that-terror-police-list-was-shared-across-government-nhs-ofsted-and-20-councils/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=who-knew-what-when-why-extinction-rebellion-on-further-revelations-that-terror-police-list-was-shared-across-government-nhs-ofsted-and-20-councils

World’s Biggest 3D Printed Building Opens in Dubai

World’s Biggest 3D Printed Building Opens in Dubai

Just a few years ago, the idea of a house being spit out by a 3D printer would’ve sounded absurd to most of us. But not only have houses been 3D printed in multiple countries, entire communities of printed homes are being built—and it doesn’t stop there.

While the world’s tallest 3D printed building has been standing in Suzhou, China since 2015, it now has a rival of sorts; the world’s biggest 3D printed building was recently completed in Dubai.

The Suzhou building, a five-story apartment complex, is taller, the 31-foot-tall Dubai building is larger by volume at 6,900 square feet. Its purpose is a bit less exciting than its construction; it will be used for administrative work by the Dubai Municipality.

The city collaborated on the building with Boston-based 3D printing construction company Apis Cor, which also built a house in Russia that went up in less than a day.

Talk about contrasting climates; the Russia house was printed in the dead of winter, requiring a heated tent to be put up around the entire building site. In Dubai, meanwhile, average temperatures are in the 90-100 degree Farenheit range for several months a year. You’d think maybe a giant air-conditioned tent would be in order, but construction was completed in the open, with no controls over temperature or humidity.

3D printed houses, at around 500 square feet, are small enough to be constructed by a printer that moves around on a track. But there’s not yet a printer in existence that can build a 6,900-square-foot structure in one go; the printer used on this project was moved around by a crane to complete the various segments of the building, pumping out successive layers of a gypsum-based mixture.

The building has a traditional foundation made of pre-cast concrete, and it’s reinforced with concrete and rebar. Once the walls were all printed (the company didn’t specify how long the printing process took), contractors added the roof and windows.

The municipal building will soon be in good company. Dubai has a (somewhat perplexing) target to make a quarter of its buildings 3D printed by 2030; the government believes this will cut costs in various sectors and restructure the labor market. It estimates that reaching the 25 percent 3D printed building goal will reduce labor demand by 70 percent, cut costs by 90 percent, and reduce the time it takes to build by 80 percent.

There’s certainly a need for quick, cheap, not-shoddy ways to build things. Demand for affordable housing is increasing as populations grow and a higher percentage of people gravitate to big cities. A recent Economist cover story went so far as to call home ownership “one of the rich world’s most serious and longest-running economic failures.” A lack of building in and near big cities, the article goes on to say, is the root cause of that failure, and high housing costs have fueled generational and geographic inequality.

3D printing could provide a low-cost solution for adding new real estate in high-demand areas. A major caveat, though, is that the areas where housing is most in demand are already densely populated and densely built. Until 3d printing can build taller, it may not be as helpful as we’d like to think.

Apis Cor is planning to build a demo house in the US this year as a feasibility study. It will be a one-story, single-family home. But technology and capitalism have a way of shaping themselves to meet the market’s demands, and of doing so by increasingly efficient and cost-effective means. My guess is, it’s only a matter of time—and not too much of it—before new records for big and tall 3D printed buildings are set (and broken, and re-set).

Image Credit: Image courtesy of Apis Cor

Source: Singularity Hub:  https://singularityhub.com/2020/01/27/worlds-biggest-3d-printed-building-opens-in-dubai/

Sir David King to support Extinction Rebellion defendants at trial for London City Airport protest

For more information, copies of the expert witness statements or to arrange interviews with Sir David King, Jay Griffiths or the five London City Airport defendants, contact Zoe on 07918 165 046.

  • Former chief scientific adviser to the UK government to offer evidence for the defence at Extinction Rebellion trial (Tuesday, 28 January, 9.30am) 
  • Sir David King will attend the trial at City of London Magistrates Court and be available for interview
  • The five protesters are charged with aggravated trespass in the first trial for the London City Airport protest during the October Rebellion. If found guilty, they each face a maximum sentence of three months imprisonment
  • Also on trial Tuesday: Writer Jay Griffiths (for charges relating to the April Rebellion) will provide expert defence statements by the UK’s former climate change ambassador, John Ashton, and specialist on climate communications for the IPCC and the UK government, George Marshall

On Tuesday 28 January at City of London Magistrates Court (EC4N), former chief scientific adviser to the UK Government, Sir David King, will offer evidence for the defence of five Extinction Rebellion protesters facing charges of aggravated trespass for the London City Airport action during the October Rebellion. Sir David – who served as chief scientist under Tony Blair and Gordon Brown – has prepared an expert statement, in which he highlights the “important role of Extinction Rebellion” in raising awareness about the climate crisis. During Tuesday’s trial, Sir David King, currently Emeritus Professor at Cambridge University, will sit in the public gallery to watch the legal argument about whether his evidence will be admitted. 

The five people on trial who were arrested on 10 October 2019 during the peaceful action – in which they glued themselves to the concourse between the DLR station and the airport – are: Claudia Fisher, 57, a business woman from Brighton; Phoebe Valentine, 23, a maths student also from Brighton; David Lambert, 60, a historian from Gloucestershire; Senan Clifford, 59, a former teacher also from Gloucestershire; and Ben Bont, 42, a tree surgeon from West Wales.

Sir David King on 3-4 degrees Celsius of warming

In his statement, Sir David says the world is on course for 3-4 degrees Celsius of warming by the end of the century, based on current policy commitments, and that lives would be saved if the government committed to achieving net zero emissions earlier than 2050. Extinction Rebellion is calling for a net zero target of 2025. 

Sir David writes that “vocal public concern” has raised awareness of climate change and pressured politicians to take action. “Extinction Rebellion is playing a similarly important role [to Greta Thunberg] in the UK and elsewhere. The attention of news media and the pressure of ‘ordinary voices’ raises the visibility of the issue of climate change. It is hard to see how the global temperature rise is to be limited, on average, to 1.5 deg in the very narrow timeframe still available unless it becomes a matter of real urgency within the spheres of national and global politics.”

“Climate change represents the greatest threat that humanity, as a whole, has ever had to manage. We are all involved and we need to work together with urgency to generate the pathways to a safer world.”

Extinction Rebellion’s London City Airport protest called for the UK government to issue a moratorium on all airport expansion and to conduct a national review.  It also highlighted the incompatibility of a planned half a billion pound expansion with the Government’s legally binding commitment to become net carbon neutral by 2050. [1] [2] Twenty one airports are planning to expand by 2040, potentially leading to a 67% passenger increase. By 2050 aviation is projected to account for 25% of UK carbon emissions. [3][4]

Writer Jay Griffiths on trial for her part in Oxford Circus occupation during April Rebellion

Award-winning writer Jay Griffiths will also be on trial on at 9.30am on Tuesday at City of London Magistrates Court (EC4N). Jay – author of eight books who has written for the Guardian, Orion and The Idler, among other publications – is charged with a breach of Section 14 of the Public Order Act. She was arrested at Oxford Circus during the April Rebellion. [5]

Jay hopes to submit witness statements from three experts to support her defence: John Ashton who was the British Government’s climate change Ambassador and Special Representative for three successive Foreign Secretaries; George Marshall, specialist on climate communications for the IPCC and the UK government; and Professor Justin Lewis, Professor at Cardiff University Research Centre in Journalism and Media. 

Quotes

Defendant Claudia Fisher, 57, a mother of five from Brighton said: “The government response to the climate crisis is wholly inadequate, so much so that it is criminal. The government has a social contract to keep their citizens safe from forces that individuals cannot protect themselves from.

“I am scared, very scared about the future of my children and the future of children all over the world.”Defendant Phoebe Valentine, 23, a mathematics student at the University of Sussex, said:“The terrifying immediacy of our situation is hard to grasp but needs to be communicated, which is why I take action with Extinction Rebellion. I didn’t want to be arrested, it wasn’t fun, I would have much rather have been at home, but the devastation of our planet isn’t going to wait for me or any of us.”

“I am 23 and like many young people I dream and make plans. Until recently, the climate crisis was a distant worry – something that would effect future generations, not me. But science tells a different story. The mass devastation of our planet has already begun.”

Anneke Sutcliffe of Extinction Rebellion, said“Allowing airports to expand is just one example of pouring fuel on the fire of increasing global carbon emissions. 21 airports in the UK have expansion plans on the table amounting to a 67% passenger increase by 2040. The Committee on Climate Change have told the Government that an absolute maximum of 24% increase should be allowed to enable us to keep within our 2050 carbon neutral target. We urgently need a moratorium, or better, a complete ban on airport expansion UK-wide to get this under control. 

“We all know that the 2050 carbon neutral target is a death sentence. We are reaching tipping points and runaway climate change, the effects of which we are already seeing round the world. Extinction Rebellion will do what it takes to make this injustice heard loud and clear. We cannot keep prioritising profit, economic growth and entitlement to luxuries in this time of crisis. We have to radically turn things around. I salute these brave rebels who are on trial for their actions at City Airport in October, risking their own liberty to protect our childrens’ futures.”

Magdalena Heuwieser from the global Stay Grounded network said:
“We’re flying straight into climate breakdown and we for one can’t understand why aviation is getting special treatment from the government.
Growth of aviation cannot be greenwashed, its emissions cannot be offset, and technologies won’t save us. It’s time to reduce aviation. This includes shifting flights to the rail, taxing kerosene, putting a levy on frequent flyers, stopping airport expansion as well as acknowledging the climate impacts of aviation apart from CO2.”

NOTES

  1. City Airport plans to double the amount of flights taking off (from 75,000 to potentially 151,000): 
  2. During the London City Airport action, people blocked the departure lounge and entrance road, climbed on the terminal roof, and glued themselves to the entrance to the DLR, closing the station. Former paralympian James Brown glued himself to the top of a plane. 
  3. https://www.carbonbrief.org/guest-post-planned-growth-of-uk-airports-not-consistent-with-net-zero-climate-goal
  4. The Committee on Climate Change(CCC), the Government’s official advisers, has reported that growth at UK airports needs to be almost half the predicted levels if aviation is to meet the government’s target of aviation being net-zero carbon by 2050. The CCC, chaired by former Conservation minister Lord Deben, said, “In the absence of a true zero-carbon plane, demand cannot continue to grow unfettered over the long-term. Our scenario reflects a 25% growth in demand by 2050 compared to 2018 levels. This compares to current Government projections which are for up to a 49% increase in demand over the same period…. The Government should assess its airport capacity strategy in the context of net zero. Specifically, investments will need to be demonstrated to make economic sense in a net-zero world and the transition towards it. Current planned additional airport capacity in London, including the third runway at Heathrow, is likely to leave at most very limited room for growth at non-London airports”https://www.theccc.org.uk/publication/letter-international-aviation-and-shipping/?fbclid=IwAR02ATq1zfIerOiPGwQZav7C5qyb1TFz8tJVGWTu08JRlMv7aocfYc97Mjs
  5. http://jaygriffiths.com

Email: press@risingup.org.uk
Phone: 07918165046
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About Extinction Rebellion

Time has almost entirely run out to address the ecological crisis which is upon us, including the 6th mass species extinction, global pollution, and abrupt, runaway climate change. Societal collapse and mass death are seen as inevitable by scientists and other credible voices, with human extinction also a possibility, if rapid action is not taken.

Extinction Rebellion believes it is a citizen’s duty to rebel, using peaceful civil disobedience, when faced with criminal inactivity by their Government.

Extinction Rebellion’s key demands are:

  1. Government must tell the truth by declaring a climate and ecological emergency, working with other institutions to communicate the urgency for change.
  2. Government must act now to halt biodiversity loss and reduce greenhouse gas emissions to net zero by 2025.
  3. Government must create and be led by the decisions of a Citizens’ Assembly on climate and ecological justice.

What Emergency? | Extinction Rebellion in Numbers |This Is Not A Drill: An Extinction Rebellion Handbook 

Get involved

About Rising Up!

Extinction Rebellion emerged from the Rising Up! network, which promotes a fundamental change of our political and economic system to one which maximises well-being and minimises harm. Change needs to be nurtured in a culture of reverence, gratitude and inclusion while the tools of civil disobedience and direct action are used to express our collective power.

The post Sir David King to support Extinction Rebellion defendants at trial for London City Airport protest appeared first on Extinction Rebellion.

Source: https://rebellion.earth/2020/01/27/sir-david-king-to-support-extinction-rebellion-defendants-at-trial-for-london-city-airport-protest/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=sir-david-king-to-support-extinction-rebellion-defendants-at-trial-for-london-city-airport-protest

English councils set to miss carbon emission targets

English councils set to miss carbon emission targets Despite their climate pledges, many local authorities do not even know how much carbon they produceMany councils in England don’t know how much energy they use, a new survey reveals. The findings make it “inconceivable” that they will become carbon neutral within 30 years, as the government has mandated.According to the survey, 43% of councils – 93 of the 214 local authorities that responded to a freedom of information request from electrical contractors’ trade body ECA – do not measure the energy they use in council-owned buildings or know how much carbon they produce. Continue reading… Source – Full Article https://www.theguardian.com/society/2020/jan/27/english-councils-set-to-miss-carbon-emission-targets

Kindness is not enough: Australia needs a strategic national response to the bushfires | Audette Exel

Kindness is not enough: Australia needs a strategic national response to the bushfires | Audette Exel We’ve seen deeds of great courage and charity over the past few months. Now we need an effective, coordinated process to help the nation rebuildPeople are magnificent. They rescue our wildlife, defend our homes and towns, stare down fires against insuperable odds. And then they give money, often that they don’t have – to firefighters, aid agencies, the bereaved, the homeless, and animal hospitals.So much giving and yet, despite it all, I can’t quieten the alarm bells in my head. Will these good intentions have good outcomes? Do we know what we are doing, as we rush to help? Can… Source – Full Article https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2020/jan/27/kindness-is-not-enough-australia-needs-a-strategic-national-response-to-the-bushfires

How Indigenous land burning is protecting rare mammals on Australia's Tiwi Islands – video

How Indigenous land burning is protecting rare mammals on Australia's Tiwi Islands – video Scientists from Charles Darwin University and the Tiwi Land Rangers are researching how to help protect the rare brush-tailed rabbit rat and other small mammals using land burning. Burning in cooler months is not only preventing bushfires, but maintaining sanctuaries for the small mammals from predators like feral cats Continue reading… Source – Full Article https://www.theguardian.com/australia-news/video/2020/jan/27/how-indigenous-land-burning-is-protecting-rare-mammals-on-australias-tiwi-islands-video

This Marvelous Machine Splits Moon Dust Into Oxygen and Metal

This Marvelous Machine Splits Moon Dust Into Oxygen and Metal

Like the settlers of old, space explorers will live off the land. But if self-sufficiency on Earth is difficult, it’s orders of magnitude more challenging in space, where there are no trees to build shelter, no plants and animals to eat, no water to drink, and no breathable air.

Like The Martian’s Mark Watney, future space explorers will have to use a heavy dose of science-y resourcefulness to survive hostile environments on the moon and Mars. Luckily, also like Mark Watney, they’ll have access to some of the brightest brains on the planet.

Some of those brains, currently working at the European Space Agency, are making a machine that transmutes moon dust into oxygen—to breath and make rocket fuel with—and metal for building.

Moon Dust Is Nearly 50 Percent Oxygen

Truly, the surface of the moon is a barren wasteland. It’s like being exposed to the vacuum of deep space with the modest benefit of a little ground under your feet and dust on your boots.

It’s this dust, fine, grey, and bone dry, that may prove to be an invaluable resource for lunar homesteaders. Known as lunar regolith, moon dust is 40-45 percent oxygen by weight. Bound up in mineral and glass oxides, oxygen is the most abundant element on the moon’s surface.

Oxygen is also, obviously, necessary for breathable air, and it’s a key ingredient in rocket fuel—but you can’t breathe or fuel ships with moon dust. Which is where ESA comes in.

Performing Lunar Alchemy

To free up all that oxygen, ESA scientists heat a basket of simulated moon dust—which is a close approximation to the real thing—and calcium chloride salt to 950 degrees Celsius. The researchers split off the oxygen with an electric current, leaving behind a pile of metal alloys.

As it stands now, the process can separate 95 percent of the oxygen in 50 hours, but if you’re in a hurry, 75 percent can be extracted in just the first 15 hours.

The team unveiled a proof-of-concept last October, which they said was a significant improvement on other similar processes that produce less oxygen or require far higher temperatures. And there’s room for improvement. To that end, the team announced last week they’re setting up a new oxygen plant in the Netherlands to further refine things.

A key goal is to reduce the temperature. The higher the temperature, the more energy you need. And energy will be in finite supply on the moon. The team doesn’t have a target temperature in mind, ESA research fellow Alexandre Meurisse told Singularity Hub in an email, but they believe they can do better. How much better depends on how lower temperatures affect other aspects of the process (like efficiency).

Of Ice and Moon Dust

In addition to oxygen bound up in lunar dust, we know the moon has water. Though the details are still somewhat shrouded in mystery, scientists believe the moon’s water takes the form of ice in permanently shadowed areas at the poles.

We’ll need water to drink, of course, but we can also separate it into its elemental components, hydrogen and oxygen, by electrolysis. Provided we can get to the moon’s ice, how does the ESA process’s energy requirements stack up to the electrolysis of water?

Meurisse said the two resources will likely have different trade-offs to consider (though we may well need need both to support a sustainable presence on the moon).

Because ESA’s process involves high temperatures, it’s very energy intensive compared to water electrolysis which can be done at room temperature. But moon dust covers the entire surface as far as the eye can see. Grab a shovel and bag some up. The moon’s ice, on the other hand, will be rarer and much more difficult to mine, and we aren’t sure of its composition or what kind of processing it’ll require to make it usable.

There’s also something else to consider—that pile of metal left over once the oxygen has been pulled off and siphoned away. This metal may prove to be a reliable building material, something the ESA team will also look into exploiting in the coming years.

“Could [the metals] be 3D printed directly, for example, or would they require  refining?” Alexandre asked. “The precise combination of metals will depend on where on the Moon the regolith is acquired from—there would be significant regional differences.”

Next, the team will build a pilot plant that could operate on the moon (but won’t be sent there) by the mid-2020s.

In the longer term, if the technology proves scalable and space-worthy, it could help make the moon into a gas station for spacecraft in Earth orbit and beyond. Manufacturing fuel on the lunar surface may prove more cost-efficient than dragging it up from Earth. Ultimately, explorers may use moon dust to breathe, build, and fuel missions across the solar system.

Image Credit: NASA

Source: Singularity Hub:  https://singularityhub.com/2020/01/26/this-marvelous-machine-splits-moon-dust-into-oxygen-and-metal/

Nano-thin flexible touchscreens could be printed like newspaper

Nano-thin flexible touchscreens could be printed like newspaper Melbourne, Australia (SPX) Jan 26, 2020
Researchers have developed an ultra-thin and ultra-flexible electronic material that could be printed and rolled out like newspaper, for the touchscreens of the future. The touch-responsive technology is 100 times thinner than existing touchscreen materials and so pliable it can be rolled up like a tube. To create the new conductive sheet, an RMIT University-led team used a thin film Source: NanoDaily.com http://www.spacedaily.com/reports/Nano_thin_flexible_touchscreens_could_be_printed_like_newspaper_999.html