Quantum 5, 448 (2021).
We identify necessary and sufficient conditions for a quantum channel to be optimal for any convex optimization problem in which the optimization is taken over the set of all quantum channels of a fixed size. Optimality conditions for convex optimization problems over the set of all quantum measurements of a given system having a fixed number of measurement outcomes are obtained as a special case. In the case of linear objective functions for measurement optimization problems, our conditions reduce to the well-known Holevo-Yuen-Kennedy-Lax measurement optimality conditions. We illustrate how our conditions can be applied to various state transformation problems having non-linear objective functions based on the fidelity, trace distance, and quantum relative entropy.
Source Quantum | The open journal for quantum science Certifying optimality for convex quantum channel optimization problems