New Item Selection Method Accommodating Practical Constraints in Cognitive Diagnostic Computerized Adaptive Testing: Maximum Deviation and Maximum Limitation Global Discrimination Indexes

Maximum deviation global discrimination index (MDGDI) is a new item selection method for cognitive diagnostic computerized adaptive testing that allows for attribute coverage balance. We developed the maximum limitation global discrimination index (MLGDI) from MDGDI, which allows for both attribute coverage balance and item exposure control. MLGDI can realize the attribute coverage balance and exposure control of the item. Our simulation study aimed to evaluate the performance of our new method against maximum global discrimination index (GDI), modified maximum GDI (MMGDI), standardized weighted deviation GDI (SWDGDI), and constraint progressive with SWDGDI (CP_SWDGDI). The results indicated that (1a) under the condition of realizing the attribute coverage balance, MDGDI had the highest attribute classification accuracy; (1b) when the selection strategy accommodated the practical constraints of the attribute coverage balance and item exposure control, MLGDI had the highest attribute classification accuracy; (2) adding the item exposure control mechanism to the item selection method reduces the classification accuracy of the attributes of the item selection method; and (3) compared with GDI, MMGDI, SWDGDI, CP_SWDGDI, and MDGDI, MLGDI can better achieve the attribute-coverage requirement, control item exposure rate, and attribute correct classification rate.

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