Quantum algorithms for Second-Order Cone Programming and Support Vector Machines

Quantum 5, 427 (2021).

https://doi.org/10.22331/q-2021-04-08-427

We present a quantum interior-point method (IPM) for second-order cone programming (SOCP) that runs in time $widetilde{O} left( nsqrt{r} frac{zeta kappa}{delta^2} log left(1/epsilonright) right)$ where $r$ is the rank and $n$ the dimension of the SOCP, $delta$ bounds the distance of intermediate solutions from the cone boundary, $zeta$ is a parameter upper bounded by $sqrt{n}$, and $kappa$ is an upper bound on the condition number of matrices arising in the classical IPM for SOCP. The algorithm takes as its input a suitable quantum description of an arbitrary SOCP and outputs a classical description of a $delta$-approximate $epsilon$-optimal solution of the given problem. Furthermore, we perform numerical simulations to determine the values of the aforementioned parameters when solving the SOCP up to a fixed precision $epsilon$. We present experimental evidence that in this case our quantum algorithm exhibits a polynomial speedup over the best classical algorithms for solving general SOCPs that run in time $O(n^{omega+0.5})$ (here, $omega$ is the matrix multiplication exponent, with a value of roughly $2.37$ in theory, and up to $3$ in practice). For the case of random SVM (support vector machine) instances of size $O(n)$, the quantum algorithm scales as $O(n^k)$, where the exponent $k$ is estimated to be $2.59$ using a least-squares power law. On the same family random instances, the estimated scaling exponent for an external SOCP solver is $3.31$ while that for a state-of-the-art SVM solver is $3.11$.

Source Quantum | The open journal for quantum science Quantum algorithms for Second-Order Cone Programming and Support Vector Machines