Scaling of variational quantum circuit depth for condensed matter systems

Quantum 4, 272 (2020).

https://doi.org/10.22331/q-2020-05-28-272

We benchmark the accuracy of a variational quantum eigensolver based on a finite-depth quantum circuit encoding ground state of local Hamiltonians. We show that in gapped phases, the accuracy improves exponentially with the depth of the circuit. When trying to encode the ground state of conformally invariant Hamiltonians, we observe two regimes. A $textit{finite-depth}$ regime, where the accuracy improves slowly with the number of layers, and a $textit{finite-size}$ regime where it improves again exponentially. The cross-over between the two regimes happens at a critical number of layers whose value increases linearly with the size of the system. We discuss the implication of these observations in the context of comparing different variational ansatz and their effectiveness in describing critical ground states.

Source Quantum | The open journal for quantum science Scaling of variational quantum circuit depth for condensed matter systems